August 9 – 26 saw the French and British invade and conquer the German colony of Togoland in west Africa. Amazingly, the German forces fought well with respect to the fact that they were merely paramilitary and police units.
Some would say that the unevenness of this campaign marked the beginning of the end of Imperialism: while other nations felt obliged to use every available soldier on the mainland fight, Britain, protected by an ocean from invasion during WWI, could better afford to protect her imperial holdings, and even to conquer new ones despite the relatively small size of her army. Britain therefore could use WWI as an opportunity to expand her empire where other nations couldn’t.
But what of Britain if her homeland became threatened by a European power? When or if that day came, imperialism would take the next major step towards extinction.
Also on August 9, the tiny country of Montenegro, ally of Serbia, declared war on Germany. Having already declared war on Austria-Hungary, this declaration represented a mere formality.